The definition of public procurement encompasses all purchases of goods and services by public institutions in a country, and involves contracts between the government and the private sector in a variety of areas such as health services, the military, construction, etc. Reliable procurement practices transform funds into hospitals, schools and roads.
Corruption in public procurement takes away benefits meant for citizens, and lowers the levels of public trust and confidence in the government.
Trends in reports
According to Corruption Watch data, the trends that emerge from submitted reports indicate that:
- Bribery is rampant in tender processes;
- Relevant committees indicate a preference for a certain supplier;
- Tenders are not being advertised or circulated;
- Dates are altered to accommodate certain suppliers;
- Appointment of suppliers whose scores do not reflect that they are the best applicants.
The Public Protector has become an increasingly important public watchdog organisation in South Africa, particularly following the judgment by the Constitutional Court on 31 March 2016 on the powers of the Public Protector.
Baqwa has been praised for his contribution to establishing the Office of the Public Protector and raising awareness of the institution, its mandate and services.
Gary Pienaar, a chief investigator in the OPP national office from 1997 to 2002 and in the Western Cape provincial office from 2000 to 2008, notes that Baqwa significantly expanded the investigative skills capacity of staff and initiated an outreach programme that sent investigators into various communities to raise awareness about the OPP and its functions.
He has also been credited for his contribution to Chapter M of the Public Service Regulations, which serves as an administrative guide to ethical and efficient conduct in the public service, as well as with establishing positive relationships with other Chapter 9 institutions and the International Ombudsman Institute.
The then minister of health, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, was accused of misusing public funds and misleading Parliament, and the Public Protector was called on to investigate.
source:http://www.corruptionwatch.org.za/understanding-tender-corruption-part-one/accessed15/04/16(2)Think Tenders. Freelance Bid Writing Service and Tender Writer Birmingham(3)http://www.corruptionwatch.org.za/sas-public-protectors-legacies-part-one/accessed15/04/16