What class are you?
Social class (or, simply, class), as in class society, is a set of concepts in the social sciences and political theory centred on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle, and lower classes.
In common parlance, the term “social class” is usually synonymous with “socio-economic class”, defined as “people having the same social, economic, or educational status”, e.g., “the working class”; “an emerging professional class”.
In the late 18th century, the term “class” began to replace classifications such as estates, rank, and orders as the primary means of organising society into hierarchical divisions.
The precise measurements of what determines social class in society has varied over time. However, academics distinguish social class and socioeconomic status, with the former referring to one’s relatively stable sociocultural background and the latter referring to one’s current social and economic situation and, consequently, being more changeable over time.
According to philosopher Karl Marx, “class” is determined entirely by one’s relationship to the means of production (their relations of production).
The term “class” is etymologically derived from the Latin class is, which was used by census takers to categorise citizens by wealth, in order to determine military service obligations.
This corresponded to a general decrease in significance ascribed to hereditary characteristics, and increase in the significance of wealth and income as indicators of position in the social hierarchy.
Problems associated: A person’s socioeconomic class has wide-ranging effects.
For Marx, the history of class society was a history of class conflict. Those in the upper-middle class and middle class enjoy greater freedoms in their occupations.
Angus Deaton and Anne Case have analysed the mortality rates related to the group of white, middle-aged Americans between the ages of and and its relation to class.
Those in lower classes tend to feel more alienated and have lower work satisfaction overall.
It may determine the schools they are able to attend, the jobs open to them, who they may marry, and their treatment by police and the courts.
It is suggested that those of an upper social class are more likely to take part in sporting activities, whereas those of a lower social background are less likely to participate in sport. Social classifications can also determine the sporting activities that such classes take part in.
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